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Manufacturing the Professionals
Czech Defence Industry & Security Review, April 2008

A national action plan in the fight against terrorism was brought-up-to date by the Slovak government in 2006. As a part of this plan was the erection of a multifunctional training complex, which was to be executed by the selected Czech joint-stock company Ledic. The project is called JAKUB VILLAGE and Ledic, a. s. (joint-stock company) is its general designer and executor. The Company used its long-term experience with developing training complexes and simulators, including a range of patent protected solutions, when planning this training complex. The Company is cooperating with five Slovak subcontractors. The planning concept of the entire complex, whose build was divided into two stages so far with a possible enlargement, is based on the current needs of the country’s armed and rescue branches. Unlike the common practice, where every department develops their own specific training grounds, in this case the Slovak government chose the concept of a multifunctional, department-exceeding training facility in the style of a country village. After its completion, this facility will provide for the training of up to 800 members of armed and rescue branches at one time, including the practice in command and coordination activities among the whole range of expertise. At the same time, this will create excellent opportunities for training of highly expert special force units of the army, police or customs. Those premises that had been completed in record-low time during the first stage of the complex’s development were handed over at the end of 2007. Currently ongoing are the preliminary works for commencement of the second stage of the development.

The JAKUB VILLAGE facility is a modern multifunctional purpose-build model of a settlement designed for training individuals, units, and groups in combat, antiterrorist, peace making, and rescue situations. To provide the training objective, the facility has to evoke an impression of a real settlement including its activities. Further required is the possibility to use real ammunition when using some types of hand-carried weapons and the use of hand-grenades in selected buildings. Among the requirements is also stated the simulation of light, acoustic, and smoke effects as in real situations, clear monitoring of the training within the village and its immediate surroundings.
Combat operations
What particular purpose is going to serve the training settlement JAKUB VILLAGE that is being built in Slovakia? Regarding combat activities, the settlement will facilitate for training in tactical thinking, combat activities themselves, and for cooperation in fighting for the village in different times of day and year. Further, it can be used for practising combat, radiation, chemical, and engineering exploration, as well as for the training in different forms of approach and tactical offensive options. The settlement also provides for the training of defence, command, and communication management within the village. At last, but not least is the minesweeping, chemical and radiation cleansing, and the disinfestations in the settlement including capturing prisoners of war, their interrogation and guarding.
Antiterrorist training
Equally important is the use of the JAKUB VILLAGE settlement for the antiterrorist training. Practically this means training in tactics and combat conduct against individuals or groups of terrorists in the village, securing contained area in the settlement and its surroundings and their survey, inclusive of present transport means. Moreover, it is possible to prepare the trainees for control activities on communications. Within the village guarding of prominently exposed premises and technical equipment, securing and escorting suspect persons, dealing with drug related activities within the settlement, searching and securing weapons and explosives.
Rescue operations
Finally, the JAKUB VILLAGE facility provides premises for training in medical and rescue operations. For example exercise in survey, assessment, and dealing with critical situations in the village and its adjacent surrounding in the event of fire, ecological and natural disasters, traffic accidents on roads, railway and air traffic accidents. Of course, not forgetting the follow up training in cooperation of individual IRS departments (Integrated Rescue System).
What else can be found in the settlement? Come with us.
The actual settlement consists of a residential area with tactical purpose-built premises, a rural zone with tactical purpose-built polygon buildings, transport network, security system and a target manuver. Some selected premises of the settlement are planed for the use of weapons with live ammunition. Specifically, the use of ammunition with soft core for short guns, shot ammunition and reduced velocity ammunition for SA (see 58) is provided for on the selected premises. In designated sectors is possible to use high-power automatic gun ammunition and Tokarev projectiles, as well as live and practice grenades. The multifunctional complex in Lešt, Slovakia is an exceptional example of a small Alliancemember’s contribution to the more effective fight against terrorism and to better solutions of dealing with critical situations round the world. The scale, diversity, complexity and many other attributes rate this entire project among the unique and original logistical facilities not only in the central Europe, but without doubt also in the NATO states army framework.

Training settlement Jakub Village:
VT01 -shooting hall Auto-moto 82x15x4 m
VT02 -shooting hall, three rooms inside
VT03 -tactical & shooting hut A, B 10x5x3
VT04 -tactical & fire hut A, B 10x5x3
VT05 -bell tower 10x5x3
VT06 -storage A 20x10x5
VT07 -didactic department
VT08 -derelict ruins Jakub Underground
VT09 -hospital with input loading simulation
VT10 -coordination centre of IRS
VT11 -control tower

VT12 -tactical polygon of railway style
VT12.1 -public railway station
VT12.2 -cargo railway station
VT12.3 -rail yard
VT12.4 -railway crossing
VT12.5 -railwais carriages
VT13 -road tunnel
VT14 -derelict ruins Jakub Underground
VT15 -pit
TP01 -tactical polygon of police style
TP02 -fire drill tactical training area
OZ01 -social facilities
Shooting halls and huts
The shooting halls facilitate for tactical-shooting. Their size is approximately 82 x 18 x 4 m, constructed from steel. The walls and ceiling are made from resistant steel covered in rubber panelling, allowing for the use of live ammunition without the risk of ricochet from numerous angles. An effective air-conditioning is installed in the halls. The security of trainees is provided through good organising and technical knowledge. The combat firing on targets of static and moving vehicles and the short and longer distance shooting by individuals and small groups is secured in the so called “Auto-moto“ shooting hall. Its premise is designed to withstand crossing by motorcycle, motor vehicle and a wheeled armoured vehicle. The second shooting hall is divided into three separate shooting ranges with different interior structures, which are possible to modify further, using mobile partition walls. They are designated for training in the tactic of hitting and shooting at different types of targets. Among the equipment also belongs the target unit with programmable behaviour, available with recording and assessing hits function. Other buildings designed for shooting training are the two tactical shooting huts, 10x5m size, representing ground floor living premises. These are ballistic proved for the use of live ammunition and throwing grenades.
The brain of the facility – the control tower
The settlement’s bell tower fulfils the tactical, monitoring and briefing functions. Build in country style; it is 15 x 8 x 3 m in size. Its ground floor is lit up, and among its equipment will belong the smoke and fire imitations. The tower is used for the managing of training within the entire settlement’s sector and is used as a classroom. The bell tower is connected to the surrounding communications via a security locking walkway. It enables observation of the surroundings together with fulfilling role connected with managing the training and assuring safety in different sectors.
Polygon for fire brigade
The tactical polygon of the fire brigade style consists of tactical-fire brigade huts and ruins, inclusive of crushed dummy vehicles. These are located on an open area, or on a communication, and can be set on fire to provide for training in the use of extinguishers.
Jakub Tunnel
A true rarity of the training grounds will be 80 m long tunnel, accessible in both directions, of which, is designed for road transport. Integral part of the tunnel will be a fire, smoke and cave-in making equipment. Of course, the complex monitoring system, air-conditioning and filtrating system with emergency exits will be included.
Jakub Railway station
Along the inside ballistic proof railway building, 20x10 x4 m in size with a bigger hall and several rooms will be created a platform with both a switch and a crossing. A small engine pulling personal carriages, cargo carriage, and a tanker cannot be excluded from this setting.
Personal carriage is designed inside for shooting and safety fire. Enables special police and firemans training.
Jakub Underground
For the training of antiterrorist troops and also rescuers, mainly used are two derelict ruins. Made of steel-concrete traverses in required length, 1,6 m high, they are buried under building rubble of two deliberately demolished buildings. Part of the residential area forms storage for the needs of the tactical search and rescue unit. It consists of an extensive ground floor building 20 x 10 x 5 m in size, with its interior divided into sections.

Hospital with Input Loading Simulation

Coordination Centre of IRS

Didactic Department